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Types of Hip Hop/Rap Music Genres

Updated: Jul 30

Various type of hip hop rap genres. Many genres have a rich history or geographical significance, a cult following or music roots that go far beyond the 20th century. I gathered different type of hip hop rap music genre and added there google/Wikipedia description.

  • Alternative Rap refers to hip-hop groups that refuse to conform to any of the traditional stereotypes of rap, such as gangsta, funk, bass, hardcore, and party rap. Instead, they blur genres, drawing equally from funk and pop/rock, as well as jazz, soul, reggae, and even folk.

  • Avant-Garde is music that is considered to be at the forefront of innovation in its field, with the term "avant-garde" implying a critique of existing aesthetic conventions, rejection of the status quo in favour of unique or original elements, and the idea of deliberately challenging or alienating audiences.

  • Trap music is a subgenre of hip hop music that originated in the Southern United States during the late 1990s. The genre gets its name from the Atlanta slang word "trap", which refers to a place in which drugs are sold illegally.

  • Boom Bap is a music production style that was prominent in the East Coast during the mid-1980s to the early 1990s. The term "boom-bap" is an onomatopoeia that represents the sounds used for the bass drum and snare drum, respectively.

  • Lofi Hip hop refers to a genre of music that mashes up traditional hip-hop and jazz elements to create an atmospheric, instrumental soundscape. ... When the channel was taken down, people bemoaned the loss of their go-to music channel, “study group,” and their favourite anime student.

  • Bounce music is a style of New Orleans hip hop music which is said to have originated as early as the late 1980s in the city's housing projects.

  • Chap Hop is music originating from England that mixes the hip hop genre with elements from the Chappist or steampunk subcultures and stereotypical English obsessions such as cricket, tea and the weather. Two leading exponents of the genre are Professor Elemental and Mr. B The Gentleman Rhymer

  • Christian hip hop is a subgenre of hip hop music characterized by a Christian worldview, with the general purposes of evangelization, edifying some members of the church and/or simply entertaining.

  • Conscious Hip Hop Political hip hop is a subgenre of hip hop music that was developed in the 1980s as a way of turning rap music into a call for political and/or social action and a form of social activism.

  • Country-Rap is a fusion genre of popular music blasting country music with hip hop-style rapping.

  • Crunkcore is a fusion genre characterized by the combination of cultural and musical elements from crunk, screamo, pop, electronica and dance music. The genre often features screamed vocals, hip hop beats, and "sexually provocative" lyrics.

  • Cumbia Rap is a spin-off of the original cumbia genre. It consists of a more traditional Colombian rhythm, as well as some hip hop and reggae type additions. Pioneers of cumbia rap include Crooked Stilo from Los Angeles, Chico's de Barrio from Coahuila, in Argentina as well as the Kumbia Kings from Texas.

  • Dirty South Southern hip hop, also known as Southern rap, South Coast hip hop, or dirty south, is a blanket term for a regional genre of American hip hop music

  • East Coast hip hop is a regional subgenre of hip hop music that originated in New York City during the 1970s.

  • Freestyle Rap is a style of improvisation with or without instrumental beats, in which lyrics are recited with no particular subject or structure. It is similar to other improvisational music, such as jazz, where a lead instrumentalist acts as an improviser with a supporting band providing a beat.

  • G-Funk or gangsta-funk is a subgenre of hip hop music that emerged from West Coast Gangsta rap in the early 1990s, heavily influenced by 1970s funk sound of artists such as Parliament-Funkadelic.

  • Gangsta Rap or gangster rap is a style of hip hop music whose themes and lyrics primarily deal with the gangster lifestyle. The genre evolved from hardcore rap into a distinct form, pioneered in the mid-1980s by rappers such as Ice-T and popularized in the later part of the 1980s by rap groups like N.W.A.

  • Golden Age hip hop is a name given to mainstream hip hop music created from the mid-1980s to mid-1990s, particularly by artists and musicians originating from the New York metropolitan area.

  • Hardcore Rap is a genre of hip hop music that developed through the East Coast hip hop scene in the 1980s. Pioneered by such artists as Run-DMC, Schoolly D, Boogie Down Productions and Public Enemy, it is generally characterized by anger, aggression and confrontation.

  • Hip-Hop also called rap music, is a genre of popular music developed in the United States by inner-city African Americans and Latino Americans in the Bronx borough of New York City in the 1970s.

  • Hyphy The term hyphy is Oakland slang meaning "hyperactive". More specifically, it is an adjective describing the hip hop music and the culture associated with the area. The term was first coined by Oakland rapper Keak da Sneak.

  • Industrial Hip Hop Industrial hip hop is a fusion genre of industrial music and hip hop.

  • Jazz Rap is a fusion of jazz and hip hop music that developed in the late 1980s and early 1990s. AllMusic writes that the genre "was an attempt to fuse African-American music of the past with a newly

  • Latin Rap or Latin rap is hip hop music recorded by Latin American artists in the United States and Spanish-speaking countries in the Caribbean, Central America and South America.

  • Low Bap is a subgenre of the Greek hip hop music scene that emerged in the mid-1990s as the sound of the prominent Greek hip hop group Active Member. It is characterized by a slower tempo and rapping than usual, often combined with lyrics with sociopolitical content.

  • Merenrap is a hip hop music-style formed by blending merengue music, with house music, hip hop music, and Caribbean music.

  • Midwest Hip Hop is a regional genre of hip hop music performed by artists from the Midwestern United States. In contrast with its East Coast, West Coast and Southern counterparts, Midwest hip hop has very few constants in style or production.

  • Motswako is a Southern African genre of hip hop popular in Botswana and South Africa. It consists of a mix of rap lyrics in both the local language and English layered on a steady beat. Other languages used include Sesotho, Zulu and Afrikaans as per the rapper's origin.

  • Nerdcore is a genre of music characterized by themes and subject matter considered to be of general interest to nerds and geeks. Self-described nerdcore musician MC Frontalot has the earliest known recorded use of the term in the 2000 song "Nerdcore Hip-hop".

  • New Jack Swing or swingbeat is a fusion genre spearheaded by Teddy Riley and Bernard Belle that was popular from the mid-1980s to the mid-1990s. The style originated from Janet Jackson's third studio album, Control from 1986.

  • New School Hip Hop was a movement in hip hop music starting 1983–84 with the early records of Run–D.M.C. and LL Cool J. Like the hip hop preceding it, it came predominantly from New York City. The new school was initially characterized in form by drum machine led minimalism, often tinged with elements of rock.

  • Old School Rap hip hop is the earliest commercially recorded hip hop music. It typically refers to music created from 1979 to 1983.

  • Rap is a genre of popular music developed in the United States by inner-city African Americans and Latino Americans in the Bronx borough of New York City in the 1970s.

  • Turntablism is the art of manipulating sounds and creating new music, sound effects, mixes and other creative sounds and beats, typically by using two or more turntables and a cross fader-equipped DJ mixer.

  • Underground hip hop is an umbrella term for hip hop music outside the general commercial canon. It is typically associated with independent artists, signed to independent labels or no label at all. Underground hip hop is often characterized by socially conscious, positive, or anti-commercial lyrics.

  • West Coast hip hop is a regional genre of hip hop music that encompasses any artists or music that originated in the West Coast region of the United States. If I forgot any genre of hip hop, write it in the comment section or send me an email.